When it comes to good oral hygiene, healthy gums are just as important as healthy teeth. However, according to a recent study by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly half of American adults over the age of 30 have the gum disease periodontitis. If you’re experiencing signs of periodontal disease, call or book an appointment online with Dahab Gaime, DDS, and the team at Oakland City Dental in Oakland, California. They have what it takes to get your gums back in shape again.
Periodontal disease is an inflammatory infection that damages the gum tissue and bone supporting the teeth. If left untreated, periodontitis can lead to tooth loss. In severe cases, the bacteria that cause periodontitis can enter your bloodstream through your soft tissue, where it can cause damage to your heart and lungs.
Ideally, your gums should be pale pink, firm, and fit snug around your teeth. If you have periodontitis, you might notice that your gums:
Other indications that you might be suffering from periodontitis are loose teeth, bad breath, painful chewing, or pus between your teeth and gums. If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, call or book an appointment online immediately with Dr. Gaime.
Periodontal disease begins with plaque, which forms on your teeth when your mouth’s natural bacteria interact with the starches and sugars found in food. Without regular brushing and flossing, plaque hardens beneath the gumline and becomes tartar. Tartar is difficult to remove and requires a professional dental cleaning to treat.
Plaque and tartar irritate your gingiva, which is the part of your gum around the base of your teeth. This resulting inflammation is called gingivitis, which is the mildest form of periodontal disease.
Chronic gingivitis leads to periodontitis, as the inflammation creates pockets in between your teeth and gums. These pockets fill with plaque, tartar, and other bacteria, which in turn causes more inflammation, which causes deeper pockets, which fill up with more bacteria, and so on and so on.
Dr. Gaime has a few different ways to painlessly and effectively treat your periodontitis. If the infection is mild, topical or oral antibiotics might be sufficient to combat the bacteria. She also might try scaling, which entails removing the tartar and bacteria from between your gums and teeth manually.
If your periodontitis is advanced, a surgical procedure might be required, such as:
Whatever procedure you and Dr. Gaime decide is appropriate for your periodontal disease, you can be sure that she will get you back to a healthy smile in no time.